Home / Oil & Gas / Natural gas shortage drove steep increase in carbon prices in 2021 — report

Natural gas shortage drove steep increase in carbon prices in 2021 — report

During 2021, emissions trading schemes (ETS) around the world saw record-high carbon prices, with the highest seen in the EU and UK. However, GlobalData notes that prices worldwide are still inadequate to reduce emissions in line with the Paris Agreement. The leading data and analytics company highlights that only 22% of greenhouse gases are explicitly priced and less than 4% are priced at $40/ton — the minimum price considered necessary to meet Paris Agreement targets.

Miles Weinstein, Energy Transition Analyst at GlobalData, comments: “Increasing carbon costs is a key strategy towards eliminating coal-fired power production. In the UK, for example, carbon pricing helped the country drastically reduce reliance on coal within §0 years. While prices have been rising steadily in the EU since 2019, Europe and New Zealand remain the only regions with a price over the $40/ton bare minimum. Canada, California and South Korea are approaching that price.”

Natural gas shortage drove steep increase in carbon prices in 2021 — report

In 2021, a number of factors came together to drive a steeper increase in carbon prices.

Weinstein explains: “The price of natural gas increased in 2021 driven by a natural gas shortage. This caused a number of power producers to switch to coal, meaning they emitted more CO[2] and thus drove demand for emission allowances. Further, the increased ambition of decarbonization policies played a key role, with the EU proposing stricter ETS measures in July 2021, and market speculation in the EU ETS also increased the price.”

In the US, a methane fee was proposed, which—if passed—will take effect in 2023. This would increase methane prices from $900/ton to $1500/ton in 2025. On a CO[2]-equivalent basis, this is a rise from $36/ton to $60/ton, respectively.

Weinstein continues: “Not only would this be the first tax on greenhouse gas emissions anywhere in the US, and the first ‘carbon’ price at a national level, but the final price is within the range needed to meet Paris Agreement targets.”

Globally, 31 jurisdictions worldwide have an ETS, and 35 have a carbon tax. The importance of carbon pricing can be evidenced by the use of internal carbon pricing by over 850 companies worldwide for a variety of purposes, from investment planning to company-level emission reduction goals. At least seven oil and gas majors use internal carbon prices, ranging from $25/ton today to $100/ton by 2030.

Check Also

Global oil and gas contracts stifled in Q1 2022 as a result of rising inflation and the Russia-Ukraine conflict

Global oil and gas contracts stifled in Q1 2022 as a result of rising inflation and the Russia-Ukraine conflict

At the start of Q1 2022, global oil and gas industry contract activity was stifled …

Oil and gas majors look to carbon capture to diversify revenue streams after committing to 2050 net zero emission target

Oil and gas majors look to carbon capture to diversify revenue streams after committing to 2050 net zero emission target

As the energy transition heats up, many oil and gas companies have begun to recognise …

Augmented reality will be a vital tool for bridging the oil and gas industry’s skills gap

The COVID-19 pandemic, geopolitics, and energy transition expectations have caused the oil and gas industry’s …